Hello, everyone! Welcome back to SVFF, Southern Vietnamese for Foreigners. Today, we’re diving into the nuances of the Vietnamese language, focusing specifically on the final consonant ‘ch’ and its pronunciation rules. This lesson is designed to help you grasp one of the essential aspects of Southern Vietnamese pronunciation, so let’s get started!

Introduction to Final Consonant ‘Ch’

In Vietnamese, the consonant ‘ch’ at the end of words plays a crucial role in pronunciation and meaning. It can combine with only three vowels: a, i, and e. Here’s how it works:

  • Pronunciation Tip: The consonant ‘tr’ is pronounced similarly to ‘t’ at the end of words, and the preceding vowel is typically shortened. This affects how the word is articulated, giving it a distinctive sound that is essential for clear communication in Vietnamese.

Practical Examples

Let’s look at some examples to better understand this concept:

  • Sách (book)
  • Bích (a Vietnamese name)
  • Tiệch (obsolete)

These examples show how ‘ch’ interacts with different vowels to form words that are commonly used in the Vietnamese language.

Special Case with Vowel Ê

A special pronunciation rule occurs when Ê combines with the final consonant ‘Ch’. Unlike other combinations:

  • Change in Vowel Sound: Instead of shortening Ê, it changes to Ơ.
  • Pronunciation: The vowel is not shortened in this case, which is a unique exception in Vietnamese pronunciation.

Example for Special Case

To illustrate, let’s practice the following word:

  • Thơ (Poetry)

This example helps highlight the exception and ensures you can pronounce it correctly in a conversation.

Practice Exercise

To wrap up today’s lesson, let’s do a little practice. I will provide sentences, and you’ll fill in the blank with the correct sound based on what you’ve learned today:

  1. “When the guest comes to the house, they have to ___ (invite the water).”
  2. “My father ___ (checks) the calendar every day.”


Understanding and mastering the final consonant ‘ch’ in Southern Vietnamese can significantly enhance your pronunciation skills and help you communicate more effectively with native speakers. If you’re committed to learning Vietnamese, remember, that with our online courses, you can achieve conversational fluency in just three months.

Don’t forget to check out our 30-minute trial lesson available in the description below, it’s free for everyone! For those who prefer self-learning, we have online courses available too. If you found this video helpful, please like share, and subscribe for more Vietnamese language lessons. Chào bạn, and see you in the next video!