Hello everyone, welcome to SVFF, Southern Vietnamese for Foreigners! Today, we’re thrilled to introduce a new face at SVFF, Phuong, our latest addition to the teaching team. Together, we will dive into a common but crucial aspect of Vietnamese language: how to ask “Who” in Vietnamese. Let’s get started!

Introducing ‘Ai’ – The Simple Way to Ask “Who”

In Vietnamese, the primary word for asking “Who” is “Ai”. While there are other variations like “Người nào”, “Đâu nào”, “Con nào”, and “Thằng nào”, “Ai” remains the simplest and most straightforward term to remember and use.

How to Use ‘Ai’ in Sentences

You can place “Ai” at the beginning or the end of a sentence to form a question. Here’s a basic structure:

  • Example 1: “Ai là người đàn ông?” (Who is the man?)

Responding to Questions Involving ‘Ai’

Answering questions that involve “Ai” is straightforward. Replace “Ai” with the appropriate name, pronoun, or noun phrase that provides specific details about the person in question.

  • Example Answer: “Mai Tâm là ai? Mai Tâm là ca sĩ nổi tiếng Việt Nam.” (Who is Mai Tâm? Mai Tâm is a famous Vietnamese singer.)

Practical Roleplay

To better understand how to use “Ai” in various contexts, let’s watch a short roleplay that includes multiple examples of its usage in everyday scenarios:

  • Scene: A messy room after a gathering.
  • Question: “Ai không dọn dẹp sau khi uống ly này?” (Who didn’t clean up after drinking this glass?)
  • Answer: “Tôi vừa ăn xong và không dọn dẹp.” (I just finished eating and didn’t clean up.)

Interactive Practice

Now, it’s your turn to practice. Try translating the following sentence into Vietnamese:

  • “Who invented the telephone?”

Given the hints – Invent (Minh), Telephone (Điện thoại), the question in Vietnamese would be:

  • “Ai đã phát minh ra điện thoại?”

Try to answer this question in Vietnamese in the comments below!


Today, you’ve learned how to effectively ask and answer “Who” in Vietnamese using “Ai.” This is a fundamental skill in Vietnamese that can help you in many conversational situations.

For more detailed learning and practice, don’t forget to check out our Skype lessons available in the description. We offer free trials for everyone interested! Additionally, for self-study options, be sure to look at the courses listed below in the description.

If you found this video helpful, please like, share, and subscribe to our channel for more Vietnamese language content. Thank you for watching, and see you in the next video! Chào bạn và hẹn gặp lại! (Goodbye and see you again!)